India’s power sector is one of the most diversified in the world. Sources of power generation range from conventional sources such as coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, hydro and nuclear power to viable non-conventional sources such as wind, solar, and agricultural and domestic waste. Electricity demand in the country has increased rapidly and is expected to rise further in the years to come. In order to meet the increasing demand for electricity in the country, massive addition to the installed generating capacity is required.
The Ministry of Power has set a target of 1,229.4 billion units (BU) of electricity to be generated in the financial year 2017-18, which is 50 BU’s higher than the target for 2016-17.
- Currently, the country has net installed capacity of 5.8GW, using nuclear fuels, across 20 reactors. Of the 20 reactors, 18 are Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors
- (PHWR) and two are Boiling Water Reactors (BWR)
- The government aims to quadruple India’s nuclear power generation capacity to 20GW by 2020; currently, three nuclear power reactors of 5,780 MWe capacity are under construction Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) plans to construct five nuclear energy parks with a capacity of 10,000 Mwe.
- The Kudankulam Atomic power project, Tamil Nadu, by NPCIL is expected to start operating by 2016-17 with an installed capacity of 1000 MW.
- Unit II of Kudankulam plant has started functioning in May 2016 with an installed capacity of 1000 MW. The Kudankulam nuclear power plant’s second unit attained criticality on 10th July, 2016
- As estimated by Nuclear Power Corporation of India, the plant would start generating 400MW in 45 days, after attaining criticality.